In our daily life we as humans emit a good quantity of unwanted material or waste from homes, commercial premises and other similar centers. All these locations are designed with special structures that assist in the disposing of waste materials. This process is known as sewage treatment. Today we will notice that cities are planned in a more efficient manner. The drainage system network is considered to be excellent and economical, where this main sewer line network that collects all the waste from the various locations finally ends up at a huge sewerage treatment plant. Not like in the past where people had cesspools built in their properties for treating the waste materials that was discharged from the homes. These days you can still find some places that have no connection to the main sewer line outside their property and are forced to apply the old method of cesspools which they build inside their property. Having a cesspool can be unnerving. Not many people know how they function. How do cesspools work?
It is normal for people to imagine how cesspools work. Well the process is simple to explain where the waste material is collected at these cesspools which are built of bricks and concrete and open spaces in the ground below and have an outlet so that air can pass through. The cesspools are basically giant pits designed to collect all the waste material discharged from homes. These cesspools are designed to allow bacteria to break down all of the solids over time and allow the cleaner water to perk out through the walls of the pit. It is constructed below ground level having different shapes depending on the area available that hold a cover at the top leveled with the ground. When the waste enters into the pit the solid material tends to settle down and the liquid waste gradually flows away into the soil or earth.
The basic principal that the cesspool follows is that the settled solid waste is either eaten away by bacteria or gets accumulated in the tank which needs to be cleaned at regular intervals and the liquid waste is treated by a process of filtration when it is forced to travel through the soil. Designing a cesspool in the premises is not a difficult task but it would be advisable for a novice person to get hold of a sewage treatment expert to provide the necessary guidance and expertise on the subject. When actually constructing the cesspool it is wise to engage a professional contractor who is licensed for carrying out such work as it would be verified by the health authorities later on.